The Fifth problem teachers are facing is: How to Measure Cross-Cultural Awareness and Change in Attitudes.
It is very difficult for teachers to measure cross-cultural awareness and change in attitudes so that they can see whether the students have profited or not.
Measuring Cross-Cultural Awareness :
Hanvey’s (1979) scheme for measuring cross-cultural awareness consists of four stages :
Level I : Information about the culture may consist of superficial
Learners see the culture as bizarre.
Culture bearers may be considered rude and ignorant.
Level II : Learners focus on expanded knowledge about the culture
(contrast with their own culture). They find the culture bearers’
Level III : Learners begin to accept the culture at an intellectual level
and can see things in terms of the target culture’s frame of
Level IV : The level of empathy is achieved through living in and
through the culture.
Learners begin to see the culture as insiders.
Measuring Change in Attitudes :
There are four techniques to measure attitudes :
- Social distance scales : To measure the degree to which one separates oneself socially from members of another culture (e.g. would marry .. , have as close friend, have as next-door neighbor, work with, have as an acquaintance only … ).
- Semantic differential scales : To judge the defined culture group in terms of a number of bipolar traits (e.g. Good/Bad, Clean/Dirty….)
- Statements : To put a check in front of the statements with which s/he agrees. (e.g. Envious of others, Tactless, Self-indulgent, Quick to understand…)
Self-esteem change : To measure changes in self-esteem in the primary grades (e.g. happy with myself, at home, at school, my teacher/friends like me….)
Page Created on September 8th, 1998
Last updated on April 19th,1999
Copyright (C) 1998/1999 by Nada AbiSamra.
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