American University of Beirut
Education 243 - January 1998
Instructor : Dr. Ghazi Ghaith
Presented by : Nada AbiSamra

Community Language Learning

Introduction :

1)   It takes its principles from the “Counseling Learning Approach” developed
      by Charles A. Curran.
2)  It was created especially for Adult Learners who might fear to appear foolish ;
      so the teacher becomes a Language Counselor , he understands them and leads
      them to overcome their fears .
3)  It follows Krashen’s Monitor Theory (Affective Filter Hypothesis) and the
      Cognitive Theory where the human mind is active .


1)   Build relationship 
2)   Explain procedure 
3)   Set time limit 
4)   Language for communication 
5)  Human Computer
a-  teacher stands behind students 
b-  teacher repeats , doesn’t correct 
c-  interaction among students
d-  students feel in control / 
6)    Native language + translation
7)    Reflect on experience , talk about 
8)    Teacher = counselor => 
        he understands, he listens
9)     Accepting , non-threatening 
        atmosphere, Non-defensive 
        learning => security, involvement, 
        attention, reflection, retention, 
10)  One task at a time 
11)  Cooperation , no competition
12)  Language Experience Approach : 
       create a story after an experience , 
       feelings are the main focus
13)  Teacher-student centered : both 
       are decision-makers
14)  Syllabus designed by students at 
       the beginning
15)  Creative thinking + self-evaluation
16)  Integrative Test : Paragraph writing 
       or oral interview


1) Tape Recording
2) Transcription
3) Reflection on Experience
4) Reflective Listening
5) Human Computer
a-  teacher stands behind students 
b-  teacher repeats , doesn’t correct 
c-  interaction among students
d-  students feel in control / responsible
6) Small Group Tasks


Learning is Persons (no superior/inferior)
Learning is Dynamic & Creative


  Course title   : Teaching French/ESL to Adult Learners (1st session)
  Place    : Private Language Institute
  Frequency    : Twice a week
  Time    : 2 hours (Evenings)
  Number of Stud : 10

Objective  (Approximately)
To be able to greet people , introduce oneself/others , ask for/give information
(The students design the syllabus in some way)

Chairs in a circle
Tape recorder

1)  Teacher greets students , introduces himself
 & students introduce themselves (native language)
2)   Teacher explains what students will be doing :
a-  conversation in French/ESL with teacher’s help (+ time limit)
b-  conversation tape-recorded
c-  create a transcript
d-  various activities using the language on the transcript
· pronunciation  (Human Computer)
· create sentences (group work)
· conjugate verbs
· reconstruct conversation
· describe a picture

Lesson Presentation
1)  Teacher gives clear directions :
                     Student raises his hand , teacher comes behind him
                     Student says phrase/sentence in native language
                     Teacher helps him say it in target language
                     Record target language only
                     Listen to recording

2)  Teacher sits and asks students how they feel about the experience
3)  They listen to the conversation
4)  Teacher plays tape again + writes French/ESL sentences on the board
    + waits for volunteers to give native language equivalents
    (Students don’t write anything down)
5)  Teacher writes French/ESL translation
6)  Teacher asks students to relax and just listen while he reads/plays the transcript
     3 times .

Post-Lesson Activities
1)  Human Computer : practice pronunciation
   (Stud. Raises hand , teacher comes behind him
    Stud. says a word/sentence/number of sentences in any language
    Teacher gives back only correct French/English and stops only when
    student stops.)
2)  Group work  : create new sentences based on transcript
                          each group reads his sentences

Teacher asks the students to talk about the experience .

Paragraph writing  or  Oral Interview

     (Suggestions: they would be in French/English)

1)  Good evening
2)  How are you?
3)  I’m fine , thank you /I’m not well
4)  Why?
5)  Because I have a headache
6)  What is your name?
7)  My name is …
8)  Nice to meet you / Pleased to meet you
9)  Why are you studying French?
10)  I have always wanted to study French.
11)  Where are you from?
12)  I’m from ….

Page created on October 21, 1999 ||  Last updated on June 8, 2002
Copyright © 1999-2002 Nada Salem Abisamra

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