By Nada Salem Abisamra

Presentation Outline
      Introduction:.Krashen's Affective Filter hypothesis
      & Affect in Language Learning.

      1- Why do people learn a second/foreign language?

      2- Definitions of L2

      3- Good L2 Learners

      4- Definitions of Motivation

      5- Sources of Motivation

      6- Theories of Motivation

        a- Behavioral
        b- Cognitive
        c- Achievement
        d- Psychoanalytic
        e- Humanistic
        f- Social Cognition
        g- Transpersonal / Spiritual

      7- Models of Motivation

        a- Gardner & Lambert (1959, 1972): Socio-Educational Model
        b- Vroom (1964): Expectancy Value Theories
        c- Gardner (1985)
        d- Keller (1983)
        e- Keller (1987) The ARCS Model of Motivational Design
        f- Deci & Ryan (1985): Extrinsic or Intrinsic Motivation
        g- Dornyei (1990)
        h- Crookes & Schmidt (1991)
        i- Oxford and Shearin (1994)
        j- Dornyei (1994)
        k- Wen (1997): Expectancy-value theories
        l- Dornyei (1998)

      8- Instruments for Motivation Assessment

        a- The "Attitude/Motivation Test Battery (AMTB)- Gardner, 1985
        b- Motivational intensity questionnaire (Gardner, 1985)
        c- The Instructional Materials Motivation Survey (IMMS)
            (Keller, 1987).
        d- Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL)
            (Oxford, 1989)
        e- Motivational Delivery Checklist (Keller and Keller, 1989)
        f- Motivational element questionnaire (Schmidt et al., 1996)
        g- Motivation Scale (Wen, 1997)
        h- The Website Motivational Analysis Checklist (WebMAC)
            (Small, 1997)

      9- Implications & Strategies for:

        a- Teachers
        b- Students

      Conclusion & Recapitulation


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Page created on April 15, 2002 ||  Last updated on June 2, 2002
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